Luat Khoa's Pham Doan Trang and Trinh Huu Long were mentioned as references for the comparative study.



Remarkably, Pham Doan Trang, a prominent democracy activist, despite not being a self-nominated candidate herself, produced a comprehensive 30-page report which documented corrupt practices, undemocratic electoral procedures and harassment [361] experienced by independent candidates during the movement.written in English and translated into Vietnamese by volunteer translators. [362]


For example, Pham Doan Trang’s article on her personal blog provided basic information about the electoral process, at the same time pointing out the undemocratic practices which were more or less hidden from the Election Law, based on her observations and research about the previous Legislative Elections. [374]. Trinh Huu Long another prominent democracy activist who did not run for the elections this time, published a widely shared article on, an e-journal on legal studies of which he was the editor-in-chief. Titled “10 tasks of a parliamentarian” and addressing the audience as “you,” Long’s article started by explaining the three key functions of the National Assembly as mandate under the Constitution, and continued by listing some important tasks for a parliamentarian, for instance making laws and deciding, among others, on the following matters: who to take the most powerful posts in the country, national budgets, the ceiling for public debts, taxes, mega development projects, national security and defence.  [375]

361 Đoan Trang Phạm, ‘Unfair Elections In Vietnam: How The Communist Party Manipulates The Process’ (2016) < process/UNFAIR%20ELECTIONS%20IN%20VIETNAM.pdf>.

362 Đoan Trang Phạm, ‘Bầu Cử Phi Dân Chủ Ở Việt Nam: Đảng Cộng Sản Thao Túng Tiến Trình Bầu Cử Như Thế Nào [Unfair Elections In Vietnam: How The Communist Party Manipulates The Process]’ (Anh Hòa Trần and others trs, 2016) <>.

374 Đoan Trang Phạm, ‘ABC về Bầu Cử Quốc Hội – Dành Cho Các Ứng Viên Tự Do [ABC about National Assembly Elections - for Independent Candidates]’ < quoc-hoi-danh-cho-cac-ung.html> accessed 30 July 2017.

375 Hữu Long Trịnh, ‘10 Đầu Việc Của Một Đại Biểu Quốc Hội [10 Things on the to-Do List of a Parliamentarian]’ [2016] Luật Khoa <> accessed 30 July 2017.